Metabolomics, an ‘omic’ technology, is the study of small molecules in a cell. It is used in studying metabolitesof a very low molecular weightfor understanding biological mechanisms. Metabolomics help in various clinical researches for biomarker identification, genetic variation and finding the cure or treatment for various diseases by giving reports on cell status and internal health condition of organisms.
The only obstacle in the research currently in progress under metabolomics is the problem of data analysis, which is very time-consuming but it can provide some insights in biotechnology. Research in this is crucial because it is supposed to provide breakthroughs in the cure for obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
Market for Metabolomics
The global market for metabolomics was at USD 1.03 Billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 2.39 Billion by 2021. The market is rising rapidly due to market driving factors like development in Metabolite profiling, increasing demand for personalized medicine and advancements in laboratory management systems. The only factors restraining an even greater growth rate are the shortage of well-qualified researchers, time-consuming data examination, and the high cost of equipment. In spite of these factors the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 14.6% for the next five years. The Asia-Pacific region will have the highest market growth during this period due to improving biopharmaceutical research infrastructure, large and ever increasing population, growing healthcare requirements, increasing per capita income, and strengthening economies in Japan and India.
Applications of Metabolomics
- Biomarker discovery: Biomarkers aresmall molecules called metabolites or that can be used to differentiate between a disease and a control group. These are signs of medical state as seen from outside the studied object. Samples of bile, saliva and urine, all containindicative metabolites which are used in profiling for biomarker discovery.
- Personalised medicine: It is the customisation of healthcare. The requirement of different patients differs from each other and each requires a different dose and treatment for his condition. Metabolomics can help us identify their state and decide the correct treatment for each.
- Agricultural applications: To sate the growing need for farming and greater production, the development of new pesticides is critical. Metabolomics provides us with insight in the plant structure, helps us study and improve their cell structure and gives us their responses to various chemical changes.
Metabolomics is non-invasive in nature. It is ideally suited for preventive healthcare and agricultural industries. It is already making ground breaking discoveries in biomarker discovery and drug safety if we perfect the system of personalised medicine it would be a huge milestone in the field of treatment strategies as it would be a number of times better than our current healthcare system.