Insulin is used to treat high blood sugar. Globally it is used along with glucose to treat Type 1 diabetes and also with Type 2. It can’t be taken in the form of a pill because then it would be broken in the stomach by the digestive system without reaching the bloodstream. Insulin can be administered by a number of devices like syringes, pens, oral insulin, jet injectors and pumps.
Market for Insulin Delivery Devices
Obesity and being overweight generally leads to diabetes. This is the main cause of increasing cases of diabetes in this generation. The whole market for Insulin is relying on the diabetic patients which are increasing in number day by day. The global market was worth USD 10 billion for last year and is expected to grow to USD 15 billion by 2020. Rising obesity will remain a driving factor in the marker and the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 7.3%. Availability of insulin delivery devices will also fuel the market growth, causing it to grow rapidly.
Different types of Insulin Delivery Devices
- Insulin syringes: This is the most common form of Insulin delivery, they are small, disposable and they can make injecting painless at an extra cost. However the dosage to a person is specific and it must be consulted with a doctor beforehand. Reuse of syringes is highly advised against, because it could cause pain or infection due to dullness of pointed tip with use.
- Insulin pens: They are preferred for their convenience and discreteness. These are disposable one shot devices generally but can also be a pen with replaceable cartridges. The advantage of using Insulin pens is the correct dosage.
- Insulin Inhalers: They use the phenomenon of compressed air pressure to administer a fixed dose of Insulin. The Insulin inhaled through mouth directly enters the lungs from where it is passed on to the blood. However a few people are concerned of the effect such inhalers will have over the lungs of a person and the effectiveness of such a device in case of a person having a flu, etc.
- Jet Injector: Jet Injectors use high air pressure to transfer the dosage through the skin. Keeping the device against the skin, the button has to be pressed which vaporizes the dose and it reaches the tissue. The main side effect of using this device is bruising.
With the increased usage of Insulin delivery devices, a few points have to be considered to ensure a person’s safety.
- Diabetic patients may have to use different types of Insulin in a day, pens are colour-coded for their benefit and they have to check that they are taking the correct type of dosage.
- Same needle should not be used again.
- Pumps might work less efficiently in case of a person with cold.
- Needles are needed to be disposed of in a safe manner.