Brief about Diabetic Retinopathy

Introduction

Diabetes could lead to a number of complications. The most common eye disease caused by diabetes is the Diabetic Retinopathy. It develops into a person who was suffering from diabetes for a long time. It is very dangerous causing impaired sight and even total blindness in a person if left untreated. It is caused by high glucose level in blood changes causing changes in retinal blood vessels as well. Sometimes the muscles swell up and leak some fluid into the eye or abnormal blood vessels might grow on the retina. It is treated by eye surgery generally.

Market for Diabetic Retinopathy

Growing cases of diabetes have caused higher number of diabetes associated wye diseases. Diabetes is considered to be the major causes of blindness. To stop this complication patients look for diagnosis methods and high tech cures. Innovation and technological advancements are the main driving factors for the market of Diabetic Retinopathy for the next few years. Its market size was USD 7 billion last year and it is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 7% for the next 6 years. Various methods of curing Diabetic Retinopathy have their own growth rate:

  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy market- 7.5%
  • Laser surgery-9.4%
  • Anti-VEGF -6%
  • Vitrectomy -8.7%

(For the period 2017-2023)

Symptomsas observed by the patient

  • Blurred vision or loss of central vision.
  • Eye floaters, holes or black spots.
  • Double vision.
  • Pain in eyes.
  • Colour blindness.

Symptoms as diagnosed by a doctor

  • Macular edema.
  • Cotton-wool spots.
  • Haemorrhages in the eye.

Causes and Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy

If the blood sugar or the glucose level in the blood is too high it can cause blockades in blood vessels of the retina. When the eye develops new blood vessels to continue its function they are weak and leak blood causing macular edema, this causes the vision to blur. Soon scars develop on the on the retina and might cause glaucoma or soon enough total blindness.

It can be cured with many techniques, the most common being

  • Glucose control.
  • Laser photocoagulation.
  • Anti-VEGF.
  • Stem cell therapy.

Prevention
The first caution is to avoid diabetes altogether by routinely testing the sugar levels and exercising, because diabetes could lead to many complications, the foremost of which is Diabetic Retinopathy. You could avoid diabetes by avoiding obesity also as it is a major cause in this particular disease. However if you find yourself in the clutches of high sugar, there is no need for you to give up your eyesight as well, just keep in mind these few things and you can say bye to Diabetic Retinopathy.

  • Regular eye examination.
  • Keeping diabetes in check- by taking insulin, a good diet and exercising.
  • Urine test- Conducted for checking Ketone levels.

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